The Nuclear Medicine or Nuclear Cardiology of the Instituto Cardiovascular of the FCV is a medical specialty that performs diagnoses and treatments to specific pathologies. It is performed through the use of high technology and radioactive compounds that allow the precise identification of the pathologies. Cardiac nuclear medicine images evaluate the heart to identify coronary artery disease and cardiomyopathy (heart muscle diseases). It can also be used to help determine if the heart has been damaged by chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
This service of the Instituto Cardiovascular of the FCV has more than 10 years of experience in carrying out studies of Nuclear Medicine.
“Nuclear medicine images provide unique information that generally cannot be obtained using other imaging procedures”.
- Cardiac nuclear medicine exams provide images of the distribution of blood flow to the heart muscle and can be used to visualize heart function.
- They are safe and minimally invasive procedures.
- They allow early detection of molecular alterations, earlier than conventional anatomical imaging methods.
- The gammagraphy, because it is a comprehensive study, allows us to perform full-body images of the patients.
- The gammagraphy produces less radiation than conventional studies in pediatric pathologies.
- The gamma camera is an equipment that has the advantage of being open, that is to say, the patient does not have the feeling of being closed in. Ideal for patients suffering from claustrophobia.
- Nuclear medicine exams provide unique information, including details about the function and anatomy of the body's structures, which is usually impossible to achieve by other imaging procedures.
- Nuclear medicine scans provide the most useful information possible for the diagnosis or treatment of many diseases.
- A nuclear medicine scan is cheaper and may provide more accurate information than exploratory surgery.
- Visualize blood flow patterns to the heart walls, called Myocardial Perfusion Gammagraphy.
- Assess the presence and extent of known or suspected coronary artery disease.
- Determine the extent of a heart injury followed by a heart attack, or myocardial infarction.
- Evaluate the results of bypass surgery or other revascularization procedures designed to restore blood supply to the heart.
- Along with an electrocardiogram (ECG), it is used to evaluate the movement of the heart wall and all heart function using a technique called cardiac synchronization.
Cardiac Nuclear Medicine Tests:
- Isonitrile stress test - Nuclear stress test.
- GATED-SPECT pharmacological stress myocardial perfusion scan.
From several projections, a three-dimensional reconstruction of the organ under study can be made, which is what is called SPECT (single-photon emission computed tomography).
Nuclear Medicine services are provided to patients of the Instituto Cardiovascular of the FCV, both inpatient and outpatient; patients enrolled in the Compulsory Health Plan and prepaid medicine plans, private patients, and patients from other hospital institutions.
The Nuclear Medicine service of Instituto Cardiovascular of the FCV has great experience in nuclear cardiology; additionally, it is a national reference point in ablation therapy with I 131, and it is also licensed for treatments with Radio 223, a radiopharmaceutical that contributes to the quality of life of patients suffering from prostate cancer.